YAD VASHEM HOLOCAUST MUSEUM DESIGN BY SAFDIE ARCHITECTS
YAD VASHEM HOLOCAUST MUSEUM DESIGN BY SAFDIE ARCHITECTS
The rebuilding of the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum includes a new visitors’ center (Mevoah), a new history museum replacing the existing museum constructed in 1953, a Hall of Names, a synagogue, galleries for Holocaust art, an exhibitions pavilion and a learning and visual center. In addition, new underground parking and facilities for tour buses are located adjacent to a new entrance piazza. The overall program quadruples the permanent exhibition space. The mevoah is an arcaded concrete pavilion roofed by skylights and trellises, which cast ever-changing shadow patterns. It is reminiscent of a Succah. The lower level accommodates a restaurant and other public services. The historic museum consists of a mostly underground prismatic structure 16.5 meters high and 183 meters long (54 x 600 feet) that cuts through the Yad Vashem hillside, penetrating from the south and protruding to the north. A network of skylit underground galleries lines both sides of the prism.
The Hall of Names, located toward the end of the historic museum, is a conical structure extending upward 9 meters (30 feet) and housing the personal records of all known Holocaust victims. A reciprocal cone, penetrating deep into the Jerusalem bedrock below, echoes the upper chamber and commemorates those whose names will never be known. The 20-hectare (50-acre) site also includes the Children’s Holocaust Memorial and the Transport Memorial, designed by Moshe Safdie and completed in 1987 and 1995, respectively, as well as the Hall of Remembrance, administrative offices, an education and archival center and the Valley of the Communities.
Moshe Safdie is an architect, urban planner, educator, theorist, and author. Embracing a comprehensive and humane design philosophy, Safdie is committed to architecture that supports and enhances a project’ s program; that is informed by the geographic, social, and cultural elements that define a place; and that responds to human needs and aspirations. Safdie has completed a wide range of projects, such as cultural, educational, and civic institutions; neighborhoods and public parks; mixed–use urban centers and airports; and master plans for existing communities and entirely new cities around the world.
Major projects by Safdie Architects currently under construction or recently completed include Mamilla Alrov Center, a dynamic urban center near the Old City in Jerusalem; Marina Bay Sands, a mixed – use integrated resort in Singapore; Khalsa Heritage Memorial Complex, the national museum of the Sikh people in the Punjab, India; the United States Institute of Peace Headquarters on the Mall in Washington, D.C.; the National Campus fort he Archeology of Israel in Jerusalem; Golden Dream Bay in Qinhuangdao, China; the Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts in Kansas City, Missouri; and the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art in Bentonville, Arkansas.
Born in Haifa, Israel, in 1938, Safdie moved to Canada with his family at a young age. He graduated from McGill University in 1961 with a degree in architecture. After apprenticing with Louis I. Kahn in Philadelphia, Safdie returned to Montreal to oversee the master plan for the 1967 World Exhibition. In 1964 he established his own firm to realize Habitat ’ 67 ‘ an adaptation of his thesis at McGill, which was the central feature of the World’ s Fair and a ground breaking design in the history of architecture.
In 1970, Safdie established a Jerusalem branch Office, commencing an intense involvement with the rebuilding of Jerusalem. He was responsible for major segments of the restoration of the old City and the reconstruction of the new center, linking the Old and New Cities. Over the years, his involvement expanded and included the new city of Modi’in, the new Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum, and the Rabin Memorial Center. During this period, Safdie also became involved in the developing world, working in Senegal, Iran, Singapore, and in the northern Canadian arctic.
In 1978, after teaching at Yale, McGill, and Ben Gurion Universities, Safdie relocated his residence and principal office to Boston. He served as Director of the Urban Design Program at Harvard University Graduate School of Design from 1978 to 1984, and Ian Woodner Professor of Architecture and Urban Design from 1984 to 1989. In the following decade, he was responsible for the design of six of Canada’s principal public institutions, including the Quebec Museum of Civilization, the National Gallery of Canada, and Vancouver Library Square.
Safdie has worked with a wide range of clients, including municipal entities and goverment agencies, colleges and universities, private developers, and non-profit organizations and civic institutions. Many of his firm’s buildings have become belowed regional and national landmarks, including Exploration Place Science Center, Wichita, Kansas; Salt Lake City Public Library, Salt Lake City, Utah; Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts; Springfield Federal Courthouse, Springfield, Massachusetts; Skirball Cultural Center, Los Angeles, California; Lester B. Pearson International Airport, Toronto, Canada; the National Gallery of Canada; and Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum, Jerusalem,Israel.
In addition to numerous articles on the theory and practice of architecture, safdie has written several books, most notably, Beyond Habitat ( 1970 ), For Everyone a Garden ( 1974 ), Form and Purpose ( 1982 ), and Jerusalem: The Future of the Past ( 1989 ). The City After the Automobile ( 1997 ), details Safdie’ s ideas about urbanism and city planning. A comprehensive monograph of his work, Moshe Safdie I, was published in 1996. Moshe Safdie II, a second monograph featuring work from 1996-2008, was published in 2009.
Safdie has been featured in several films, including Moshe Safdie, the Power of Architecture, which is a portrait film ( directed by Donald Winkler, 2004 ), My Architect: A son’ s Journey about Nathaniel kahn and his father Louis I. Kahn ( directed by Nathaniel Kahn, 2003), and The Sound of the Carceri, about Bach and Piranes, with Yo-Yo Ma ( directed by Francois Girard, 1997).
In the fall of 2010, The National Gallery of Canada presented Global Citizen: The Architecture of Moshe Safdie, an exhibition that will explore the architect’s buildings and design philosophy. The exhibition is co-sponsored by Crytal Bridges Museum of American Art the Skirball Cultural Center.
Past exhibitions of Safdie’s design include Building a New Museum ( Peabody Essex Museum, 2003-2004 ); Moshe Safdie, Museum Architecture 1971-1998 ( Tel Aviv University, 1998); Moshe Safdie, Projects: 1979-1989 ( Harvard University Graduate School of Design, 1989); and For Everyone a Garden ( Baltimore Museum of Art, national Gallery of Canada, and San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, 1973-1974)
Safdie has been the recipient of numerous awards, honorary degrees, and civil honors, including the Companion of the order of Canada and the Gold Medal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada.