December 11, 2013



Maastricht’s Kruisheren Church with its adjoining monastery has been converted
in a hotel. Regardful treatment of the gothic building, which has been vacant for years, was combined with the courage to create the interior according to fresh aesthetic ideas.
Ingo Maurer designed entrance, courtyard and lighting for the Kruisherenhotel.
A tunnel made of polished copper plates welcomes guests with its warm, glowing light and leads them into the nave. The entrance conveys an impression of passing to a different world. Luminous bars set in the floor are the only light sources. On the copper surface their reflections mingle with those of the surroundings. The tunnel consists of lacquered aluminium on the outside, the contrast of the surfaces underlining the boundary between surroundings and the interior.
Reception, lobby and an entresol with other rooms for the use of the guests are situated in the nave. Nine pieces of ‘Big Dish’, a new development by Ingo Maurer, with a diameter of 230 cm light the long, high hall. The intensity of light and its colour can be varied continuously for each lamp.
A peaceful calm atmosphere lingers in the monastery’s quadrangle. In an acrylic illuminated column filled with water small bubbles and bits of silver swirl around.
A ship propeller at the bottom creates a long water spiral. The four meters high tank has a diameter of approximately one meter and holds about 3000 litres of water. Guests stay and contemplate the constantly changing movements and formations of water and silver dust.
Three large panels seem to float over the ground at night. Light sources below provide an unaggressive, mysterious lighting and underline the calm atmosphere
in the courtyard. Rampant plants will grow over a specially designed artificial tree. Further light sources are integrated in its metal construction.
A variety of lamps designed and edited by Ingo Maurer are integrated in guest-rooms, aisles and a boardroom.
Reconstruction and conversion to a hotel was initiated by Mr. Camille Oostwegel, who runs four exceptional hotels in former castles in the Southern part of The Netherlands. Dutch interior architect Henk Vos, in charge with the overall design of the renovation, has been working with Ingo Maurer on other projects in the past. Ingo Maurer participated for the first time in the conversion of a church into a pro-fane building, „an exciting and delicate job for an open-minded entrepreneur”, as he said. In Holland the conversion of vacant churches is no longer a rare case.
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Born in 1932 on the island of Reichenau in Lake Constance, Germany, Ingo Maurer trained as a typographer and subsequently studied graphic design in Switzerland and in Munich. In 1960 he moved to the USA, where he worked as a designer for various clients including IBM. In 1966, having returned to Germany three years previously, he set up his own company, Design M, in Munich, to make and market his own designs, the first of which was the celebrated "Bulb", a Pop Art lamp within a lamp.
In the 1960s and 1970s Maurer made a name for himself with unusual designs and appearances at trade fairs. "Bulb" won a place in the MoMA design collection as early as 1969. The naked light bulb is a continually recurring motif: in homage to its inventor, Thomas Alva Edison, Maurer used the name Edison in several of his own products. His first commercial success came with the series of fan lamps, incorporating traditional Japanese fan designs, which he started to produce in the early 1970s, after visiting Japan several times to meet the fan-makers and watch them at work. In 1977 Maurer also began to use thin Japanese paper - a material
which has continued to intrigue him and still features prominently in his collection. At the 1984 Euroluce fair in Milan, Maurer presented the pioneering low-voltage lighting system YaYaHo. The system, which had taken some two years to develop, consisted of low-voltage cables stretched across a room, with a variety of movable halogen elements which could be positioned according to the user's preferences. At that time, the interior use of halogen bulbs, which made safe lighting with exposed cables possible, was almost unheard-of. YaYaHo was rapturously received by the interior design industry, especially in Italy and France, and has since had countless imitators.
In 1989 the Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain in Jouy-en-Josas near Paris staged the exhibition Ingo Maurer: Lumière Hasard Réflexion, which gave the designer his first opportunity to create lighting installations of a non-commercial nature. In the same year he also had a retrospective in the city then known as Leningrad. Since then, his designs - whether one-off commissions or mass-produced lamps from his ordinary collection - have been shown all over the world in many exhibitions, including the one-man shows Ingo Maurer: Working with Light in the Villa Stuck in Munich (1992) and Licht licht at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1993).
In 2002 the Vitra Design Museum, in cooperation with Maurer, organised the travelling exhibition Ingo Maurer - Light - Reaching for the Moon, which was shown in several cities in Europe and Japan. Another important exhibition of Maurer's work was Provoking Magic: Lighting of Ingo Maurer, at the Cooper-Hewitt National Design Museum in New York. Recently, the Bauhaus Archiv Berlin has shown a representative selection of his works. 
Maurer's best-known designs include "One From The Heart" (1989), incorporating a red plastic heart; the winged light bulb "Lucellino" (1992) and the various other members of its feathered family; and "Porca Miseria" (1994), a pendant made of broken crockery. Since the mid-1990s Maurer has increasingly been exploiting the unique aesthetic effects of LEDs and technical components such as printed circuit boards. An example of this is "Einstein", a large pendant which combines the imageof the light bulb with green circuit boards and multicoloured LEDs. In 1990, Maurer began to devote a significant part of his energies to planning installations and lighting systems for a wide range of public and private clients, in addition to making lamps for the collection of his firm, now known as Ingo Maurer GmbH. Some examples of these special commissions are the giant aluminium lampshades for the Westfriedhof underground station in Munich (1998); an
installation for a show by the Japanese fashion designer Issey Miyake (1999); the light sculptures for the interior of the Atomium in Brussels; and a large-format light object for the Rockhal in Luxembourg (2007) and the lighting and colour design for another subway station in Munich, Münchner Freiheit. 
Maurer lives in Munich, where his firm, which now employs over 60 people, also is located. In 2008, he opened a 700 sqm showroom at 47 Kaiserstrasse, Munich in a former production and storage hall, which is in the same building as his office and
studio space. In 2010 Ingo Maurer received the Design Award of the Federal
Republic of Germany.