December 08, 2017



Innovation is part and parcel of Ferrari’s DNA. Product, process, working method: there isn’t a single area in which we are not constantly striving to deliver improvement at all levels.
Our approach to product innovation has resulted in a range of cars that are at the very leading edge in terms of technology, making the company a benchmark for the entire automotive industry. In recent years, our investments have focused on materials research, leading to the creation of the Scaglietti light alloy hub and the integration of F1 technologies into our carbon-fibre applications, electronic control systems, and active aerodynamics, all of which have reached unprecedented levels of achievement for a road car.  Naturally enough, there has been plenty of development also in our powertrains, which are a more traditional part of our work. In fact, Ferrari has built its reputation on its powertrains but they have evolved not only from a performance point of view but also in terms of efficiency and usability. High pressure fuel injection, reduced internal engine friction and dual-clutch gearboxes for sports cars, being just a few examples.
Each new model brims with technological innovation, solutions that pave the way for the rest of the industry and which are often picked up by other manufacturers at a later date. The many innovations we have debuted in our 60-plus year history include steering wheel-mounted gearshift paddles, which Ferrari transferred from its F1 car to its road cars. Unsurprisingly they quickly became a standard fixture on all sports cars.  Given that track record, it should come as no surprise  that in the decade between 2003 and 2012, Ferrari registered an impressive 150 patents, some of which were genuinely revolutionary. These included the 4RM system which allows the FF to be in four-wheel drive mode only when driving demands it, guaranteeing a light, efficient drive and the kind of sporty behaviour impossible to achieve with conventional 4WD technology. In recent years, we have been placing particular research emphasis also on weight reduction, an area in which in-depth knowledge of materials is vital.
In terms of process, we lavish great attention on the selection and treatment of our construction materials. In fact, Ferrari has been building all-aluminium cars (both bodyshell and chassis) as standard  since 1999 as the latter material’s high performance lightness and stiffness guarantee a far better time-cost ratio for large scale production runs whilst still being easy to maintain. The Scaglietti aluminium hub has perfected more than 25 different alloys, some of which are being used for the first time in the automotive sector. This has led to a significant weight savings thereby boosting performances and safety.
Another of Ferrari’s focuses is on innovating its working methods and this also involves stimulating the creativity of its employees. With this in mind, we have implemented programmes designed to encourage the development of ideas and solutions that will improve our product, methods and working environment. Pole Position Evo, for instance, rewards ideas put forward by individual staff members. In 2012 alone, in fact, we received more than 3,000 suggestions for employees with a blue collar participation rate of 56%. Pit-stop, on the other hand, encourages team spirit and last year the teamwork of 108 people was recognised as part of it.

When one sees a Ferrari it should be instantly recognisable, bringing together a mix of innovation and continuity with its past. Each car has its own unique character, which springs from its shape and identifies it without a need to see its name or badge.
A Ferrari must always be a Ferrari, even if every design is produced with an element of the avant garde. There are themes that are unmistakeable – from the front grille, to the air intakes, to the circular rear lights, to the centrally mounted rev counter on the dashboard – that all immediately identify a car as having been designed in Maranello, encompassing traditional values, at the same time looking ahead to the future.
Design is never a means unto itself, it’s not just about an aesthetic exercise, but rather, it is always driven by performance. Aerodynamics determine the lines of the car, but each of its characteristics has to be highlighted. The style of a Ferrari denotes extreme technology with an enduring quality which marks its era.

The company’s story officially began in 1947 when the first Ferrari emerged from the historic factory entrance on Via Abetone Inferiore in Maranello. The 125 S, as it was known, embodied the passion and determination of the company’s founder.
Enzo Ferrari was born in Modena on February 18th 1898 and died on August 14th 1988. He devoted his entire life to designing and building sports cars and, of course, to the track. Having been made an official Alfa Romeo driver in 1924, within five years he had gone on to found the Scuderia Ferrari on Viale Trento Trieste in Modena which assisted mostly gentlemen drivers in racing their cars.
In 1938, Enzo Ferrari was appointed head of Alfa Corse but quit the position in 1939 to set up his own company, Auto Avio Costruzioni, which operated out of the old Scuderia buildings.
This new company produced the 1,500 cm³ 8-cylinder 815 spider, two of which were built for the Mille Miglia in 1940.
All racing activities ground to a halt, however, with the outbreak of the Second World War and, in late 1943, Auto Avio Costruzioni moved from Modena to Maranello. The end of the war saw Ferrari design and build the 1,500 cm³ 12-cylinder 125 S, which made its competitive debut in the hands of Franco Cortese at the Piacenza Circuit on May 11th 1947.
On the 25th of the same month, it won the Rome Grand Prix at the city’s Terme di Caracalla Circuit. Since that fateful day, Ferrari has garnered over 5,000 victories on the world’s tracks and roads, becoming a modern-day legend in the process.
In 1969, to meet the growing market demand, Enzo Ferrari sold 50% of his shares to Fiat Group, a figure that rose to 90% in 1988.
In 1991 Luca di Montezemolo was appointed chairman and remained in office until October 2014, when he was replaced by Sergio Marchionne, who is currently also CEO. Under his leadership, Ferrari launched first on the New York Stock Exchange in October 2015 and then on the Milan Stock Exchange in January 2016, and has become an independent company.
To date Ferrari’s most important sporting successes include 15 F1 World Drivers’ Championships, 16 F1 World Constructors’ Championships, 14 Sports Car Manufacturers’ World titles, nine wins at 24 Hours of Le Mans, eight at the Mille Miglia, seven at the Targa Florio and 226 victories in F1 Grand Prix.
The legendary symbol used by Ferrari has heroic origins. It was first adopted as a personal emblem by a highly decorated Italian World War I pilot, Francesco Baracca, who had it painted on the fuselage of his aircraft.
At the end of the war, Baracca’s parents offered to allow Enzo Ferrari use the Cavallino Rampante (Prancing Horse) symbol. He adopted it as the logo for his racing Scuderia, placing it on a yellow shield in honour of his hometown of Modena and topping it with the Italian tricolour.
The classic Ferrari red, however, was simply the colour assigned by the International Automobile Federation to Italian grand prix cars in the early years of the last century.

Maranello, 23 August 2017 – The Ferrari Portofino is the new V8 GT set to dominate its segment thanks to a perfect combination of sportiness, elegance and on board comfort. 
Ferrari has chosen a particularly evocative moniker for this exceptionally versatile drop-top car, referencing one of Italy’s most beautiful towns. Portofino is renowned for its charming tourist port and, over the years, has become internationally synonymous with elegance, sportiness and understated luxury. The launch colour of the new Ferrari has also been dedicated to this marvellous town: Rosso Portofino. 
Capable of unleashing a massive 600 cv and sprinting from 0 to 100 km/h in just 3.5 seconds, the Ferrari Portofino is the most powerful convertible to combine the advantages of a retractable hard top, a roomy boot and generous cockpit space plus two rear seats suitable for short trips.   
The Ferrari Portofino’s all-new chassis features a significant weight saving over the California T it replaces. Thanks to the extensive use of modern production technologies, all the chassis and body-in-white components have been redesigned with a consequent reduction in weight despite an increase in torsional rigidity.   The renowned Ferrari V8 turbo, part of the engine family that was nominated International Engine of the Year in both 2016 and 2017, now punches out 40 cv more than the California T’s power unit thanks to the adoption of new components and specific calibration of the engine management software. The characteristic Ferrari V8 soundtrack has also been further enhanced and can be fully appreciated, particularly in top-down driving.
All aspects of the 8-cylinder’s efficiency have been honed with the adoption of new pistons and con-rods, and a new intake system design. The geometries throughout the exhaust system have also been revolutionised. The new onepiece-cast exhaust header reduces losses, an important factor in ensuring Ferrari’s characteristic throttle response with zero turbo lag. These improvements, combined with the Variable Boost Management which adjusts torque delivery to suit the gear selected, enable the Ferrari Portofino to offer even higher levels of acceleration in all gears and lower fuel consumption compared to the outgoing model. 
The Ferrari Portofino’s vehicle dynamic characteristics have been completely revised and benefit from the introduction of new technological solutions. For the first time on this type of Ferrari model, the third generation electronic rear differential (E-Diff3) has been adopted and integrated with the F1-Trac, improving both mechanical grip and the control of the car on the limit. The Ferrari Portofino is also the first GT in the range to be fitted with EPS (Electric Power Steering). This allowed the engineers to reduce the steering ratio by seven per cent for even more responsive steering without a trade-off in stability thanks to the integration with the E-Diff3. The magnetorheological damping system (SCM-E) has been uprated with dual-coil technology which helps reduce roll while simultaneously improving absorption of road surface unevenness. The result is an even more dynamic, responsive car that also delivers superior ride comfort.  
The Ferrari Design Centre-penned Ferrari Portofino is an aggressively-styled car with a two-box fastback configuration – unprecedented in a coupé-convertible with a retractable hard top - that adds extra sleekness to its silhouette, lending it a sportier character without impinging on its elegance and dynamism.  
Close collaboration between the Aerodynamics department and Ferrari Design has ensured maximum efficiency in the development of the surface treatment. Starting with the front, the form of the large radiator grille opening, that stretches from edge to edge of the carefully contoured nose, is underscored by a new full-LED headlight assembly with a more horizontal shape. The outside edge of the headlight hides an innovative air intake which vents into the front wheelarch and exits along the flank to reduce drag.  
The tail design underlines the car’s sporty stance which has been further enhanced by placing the tail lights futher apart. This elegant solution cleverly conceals the rear volume housing the all-new RHT which features a more lightweight design and can be raised or lowered at low speeds.
There was also a particular focus on board comfort which is guaranteed by a slew of new features, not least an infotainment system with 10.2” touchscreen display, a new air-conditioning system that improves occupant comfort both with the top up or down, a new steering wheel, 18-way electrically adjustable seats with a new backrest design that boosts legroom for rear seat passengers, and the passenger display. All occupants will particularly appreciate the new wind deflector which, when the top is dropped, cuts air flow inside the cabin by 30% and also reduces aerodynamic noise.

" Ferrari is very much concentrated on a real, true design projects. Every new Ferrari we design must be based on a kind of aesthetic frankness. We never start from a pre-conceived stylistic idea. We might have a very nice form, but if there is no connection with the substance of the project, better then to lose it. ''
"The process is like this: the company sets the objective of the performance of the new project. Then we have the engineers studying the most adequate technical solutions to achieve these targets, the drag co-efficient, down-force and so on... ''
"Only at that moment can we start to figure out the new shape of that project. ''



" When I arrived we were four [people]. Now we are 75. It was a big change. Until then, Ferrari partnered with coachbuilders like Pininfarina. You have to remember that Enzo Ferrari wasn't so interested in production cars. His passion was racing cars, and Ferrari road cars were merely to bring the money to support his race team. ''
" Pininfarina gave shapes to pre-engineered road cars. But the increasing complexity of our products – the density of the components under the body –demanded in-house designers and a process where technical and aesthetic elements come together efficiently and quickly in a fully integrated way. We have to find the smartest way to compress or reduce the size of the car while respecting the components beneath. "

'' Every Ferrari must be a sculpture in motion, a piece of art. And each new Ferrari exceeds the expectations of the last one. ''

This section introduces you to the heart of the company, focusing on the men that represent Ferrari in the world and the on each department of the Factory. Born in 1947, Ferrari has always produced vehicles at its current site and has maintained its directions. It has progressively widened its range using visionary planning both on a design level and on the quality of work produced.
The Maranello headquarters has always housed not only the Chairman’s and other executive offices, but also all of the GT and Formula 1 design and production areas (apart from the chassis and bodywork areas which are to be found at the Carrozzeria Scaglietti in Modena which Ferrari has wholly owned since 1977).
The Ferrari cittadella has been completely redesigned and renovated as part of a project begun in the 1990s with the aim of creating a dynamic complex developed in harmony with the needs of the company workforce. This is an ongoing project and encompasses everything from the layout of the buildings to the pathways for both people and components alike, the functionality of the various activities carried out, and, most importantly of all, the well-being of the people that do the actual work.
Some of the world’s finest architects have been involved in the various stages of the campus’s development which began with the Renzo Piano-designed Wind Tunnel where actual road and track conditions are simulated to hone our road and track cars. The Luigi Sturchio-designed New Logistics building is the nerve centre of all transportation and delivery operations relating directly to the Scuderia Ferrari’s activities. while Marco Visconti is responsible for the gleaming New Mechanical Machining Area (New Engine Machining Area) where our 8 and 12-cylinder engine components are made in surroundings in which cutting-edge machine tools are interspersed with green areas not only to create a more attractive workplace but to regulate its microclimate.
The Ferrari cittadella has been completely redesigned and renovated as part of a project begun in the 1990s with the aim of creating a dynamic complex developed in harmony with the needs of the company workforce. This is an ongoing project and encompasses everything from the layout of the buildings to the pathways for both people and components alike, the functionality of the various activities carried out, and, most importantly of all, the well-being of the people that do the actual work.
Some of the world’s finest architects have been involved in the various stages of the campus’s development which began with the Renzo Piano-designed Wind Tunnel where actual road and track conditions are simulated to hone our road and track cars. The Luigi Sturchio-designed New Logistics building is the nerve centre of all transportation and delivery operations relating directly to the Scuderia Ferrari’s activities. while Marco Visconti is responsible for the gleaming New Mechanical Machining Area (New Engine Machining Area) where our 8 and 12-cylinder engine components are made in surroundings in which cutting-edge machine tools are interspersed with green areas not only to create a more attractive workplace but to regulate its microclimate.
Visconti also designed the New Paint Technologies area which marries superb standards of quality with equally high working and environmental protection conditions, and the Company Restaurant, a very bright, welcoming, relaxing space designed to promote interaction between employees during downtime. The work of Massimiliano Fuksas, the Product Development Centre is where our engineers and technicians research and develop every component used in our cars. Spread over four levels interlinked by an attractive network of transparent walkways and stairs, this bright, airy building is a fine example of bioclimatic architecture in action. Last but not least, the New Assembly Line area from the pen of Jean Nouvel, where technological excellence and meticulous craftsmanship combine as our 8 and 12-cylinder cars are assembled in a light-filled, transparent space also enriched by green areas. Over 150 bicycles have been made available to employees to make moving around the cittadella easier too.
Viale Enzo Ferrari is a large boulevard that winds its way through the campus with other smaller “streets”, named in honour of the great Ferrari drivers who won a World Championship, opening off it. It is lined by low environmental impact buildings with plenty of green and relaxation areas and in which noise, light and temperature levels are all optimized. Working in these clean, functional surroundings not only improves our employees’ quality of life and output but also contributes to the creativity and overall excellence of our product. In the course of 2008, Ferrari launched its in-house power generation programme. Now, thanks to its new photovoltaic and trigeneration systems (the latter producing combined heat, power and cooling), Ferrari is fully self-sufficient in terms of energy production and has reduced its overall CO2 emissions by around 40%.

Ferrari’s efforts relating to sustainability come to fruition in the polluting emissions reduction programme, through the improvement of efficiency in the cars themselves and in the production process and through the Formula Uomo project launched in the early Nineties.
This involves seeing the personnel as the cornerstone of the company’s activities. The concept of environmental sustainability, a responsibility towards the community that is home to the Maranello campus and to its own workforce, is therefore inextricably linked to the quality and safety of the working environment, a unique formula without parallel in the world.
Ferrari has invested heavily in the strategic area of the environment since 2001, when the company was given the ISO 14001 certification, which was then reconfirmed in 2010. In 2007, it received the Integrated Environmental Authorisation, while 2008 saw the start of self-produced energy with the first solar panels fitted over the Machining building.
From 2009, the biggest energy producing plant in Italy went into operation, producing electricity and hot and cold water, using natural gas. Added to this in 2011 was a second solar panel installation over the Wind Tunnel offices. With the linking up of all its buildings Ferrari is now completely independent in terms of energy production, achieving a reduction in CO2 emissions of 42.1% and 66% of Particulate Matter (PM.) Ferrari has thus reached the Kyoto objectives well ahead of schedule and with double the figures required in Europe. The energy project forms part of the Formula Uomo project, with the aim of putting the workforce, their needs and abilities at the heart of the company’s activities.
As for the actual cars, in 2007, Ferrari set itself the target of achieving a 40% reduction in consumption and emissions for the range by the end of 2012, through the application of a road map that aimed for an improvement in energy efficiency (increasing the energy produced) and the vehicle as a whole (reducing its energy requirements.) Hitting these targets in conditions of real use of the cars by their owners definitely did not stop the research in these areas carried out by the Maranello engineers, with the result that the first months of 2013 saw the introduction of the first Ferrari that makes use of hybrid technology.
A new gas furnace has been fitted for the production of the main engine components (cylinder heads, cam covers, cranckases, sumps) through the fusion of aluminium. Apart from ensuring even higher quality of manufacture, the furnace consumes 70% less energy, while at the same time increasing the smelting capacity to 1500 kg per hour.
Furthermore thanks to the automation of the loading-unloading procedure, the new installation has significantly increased the safety levels for the workers, who are no longer exposed to the line of fire.
The quality of the cars cannot be disassociated from the quality of life of those who work at Ferrari. Good lighting, air conditioning, a low environmental impact, safety, noise control, green and restful areas, along with the most advanced technologies, are the stand out features of an organisation based on the principles of Formula Uomo. The project was established to allow all employees to best express their talent, creativity and passion.
Over the past few years, further significant investment has been made to increase the green areas. These can be found both inside and out of the various factory buildings and today cover a surface area of 165,000 square metres. Aloe arborescens, buddleja blue and dianthus carthusianorum are just some of the hundreds of plant species than one can admire when strolling through the grounds of Maranello. Sitting on a bench surrounded by greenery during a break, looking out the window drawn by the sound of an engine and even on the production line, it’s inevitable that ones eyes are drawn to a bush in flower, some ferns or an evergreen tree. The engine assembly line boasts orange poppies, while the mechanical department has tropical lilies, gems of rare beauty that flower within the buildings. And that’s not all, with 25,000 flowerbeds, gardens and all sorts of trees, the Ferrari campus is an innovative workplace where people’s wellbeing and the quality of the working environment always come first.
There has also been a huge investment in safety at work, through the actual structures and specific training, which has achieved significant results in all sections of the company. Particularly effective has been the programme to highlight so called near misses, which is to say, events that could have caused accidents, thanks to an effective involvement of the employees. Still on the topic of safety, there are defibrillators in every building.

Passion. Diligence. Innovation. Determination. Research. Motivation. Excellence. Investment. Technology. Talent. Training. Exclusivity. Selection. Style. Merit. Team spirit. There are many elements that go to make up Ferrari’s DNA.
There are many elements that go to make up Ferrari’s DNA. The secret is in its people – because behind our exceptional cars there are equally exceptional men and women – and in the knowledge that goes into combining all these ingredients, in every sector of the company’s activities: from design to production, from road cars to race cars, from the sales network to the development of the brand, from training to services provided for the employees, from customer care from the order to final delivery, this is Formula Ferrari.

Enzo Ferrari 

Enzo Ferrari was born in Modena on February 18th 1898 and died on August 14th 1988. He devoted his entire life to designing and building sports cars and, of course, to the track.
Ferrari has garnered over 5,000 victories on the world’s tracks and roads, becoming a modern-day legend in the process. In order to meet growing market demand, Enzo Ferrari sold the Fiat Group a 50% stake in the company in 1969, a figure that rose to 90% in 1988.
Discover more about the legendary life of our founder.
1898: Enzo Anselmo Ferrari is born on the outskirts of Modena on the 18th of February However, his birth isn’t registered until two days later because of heavy snow.
Enzo’s father owns a small metal engineering company employing around 30 people which builds bridges and roofs for the state railways.
1908Ten year old Enzo and his brother Alfredo are brought by their father to watch a race at the motor racing circuit on Via Emilia in Bologna. The race is won by Felice Nazzaro (Vincenzo Lancia took the race fastest lap). Young Enzo is completely entranced by the action.
1916: The Ferrari family is hit by a double tragedy in 1916 as both Enzo’s father and brother pass away. Enzo is forced to give up his studies after his father’s death and finds work as an instructor in the lathing school at the fire service workshop in Modena.
1917: Enzo serves in the Italian army during the First World War and is assigned to the 3rd Alpine Artillery Division. However, he becomes seriously ill and undergoes two operations before being honourably discharged.
1918: Once he regains his health, Ferrari attempts to get a job with Fiat in Turin but to no avail.
At the end of 1918, he does, however, find work as a test-driver at a small company in Turin that builds the much-sought after Torpedos which were built on a light truck chassis.
1919: Enzo moves to Milan to work for C.M.N (Costruzioni Meccaniche Nazionali), first as a test-driver and then later as a racing driver. He makes his competitive debut in the 1919 Parma-Poggio di Berceto hillclimb race in which he finishes fourth in the three-litre category at the wheel of a 2.3-litre 4-cylinder CMN 15/20. On November 23rd of the same year, he takes part in the Targa Florio but loses over 40 minutes after his car’s fuel tank develops a leak.
1920In 1920, after a series of races in which he enjoys mixed fortunes at the wheel of an Isotta Fraschini 100/110 IM Corsa, Enzo finishes second in the Targa Florio in a 6-litre 4-cylinder Alfa Romeo Tipo 40/60. This marks the start of a 20-year collaboration with the marque that will see Ferrari do everything from test-driving to racing to dealing before finally being appointed head of the Alfa Corse racing division, a position he holds until September 1939.
1921: Ferrari competes in several races as an official Alfa driver, delivering some impressive finishes such as a fifth position in the Targa Florio in May and a second at Mugello in July. He also has his first major accident in September that year when he goes off the road on the eve of the Brescia Grand Prix trying to avoid a herd of cattle blocking the race route.
1931: Enzo Ferrari completes his final race as a driver at the Circuito Tre Province on August 9th 1931. He finishes second to Nuvolari in an Alfa Romeo 8C -2300 MM. The decision to quit racing comes as result of the impending birth of his son Alfredo, better known as Dino (19th January 1932), and his growing workload as head of the Scuderia.
1937: The Scuderia Ferrari builds the Alfa Romeo 158 "Alfetta" which goes on to dominate the international racing scene.
1938: The Scuderia Ferrari is wound up at the end of 1937 and at the beginning of 1938 Enzo Ferrari takes up his new position as head of Alfa Corse and moves to Milan.
1939: On September 6th 1939, Enzo Ferrari leaves Alfa Romeo under the proviso that he does not use the Ferrari name in association with races or racing cars for at least four years. From that moment on, beating Alfa Romeo in one of his own cars becomes a passion.
On September 13th Ferrari opens Auto Avio Costruzioni on Viale Trento Trieste in Modena, the headquarters of the old Scuderia Ferrari.

1940: Auto Avio Costruzioni builds two versions of what Ferrari calls the 815 (8 cylinders, 1500 cc) on a Fiat platform for the last pre-War Mille Miglia. They are driven by a young Alberto Ascari and Marquis Lotario Rangoni Machiavelli of Modena but fail to shine.
1943: At the very height of the War in 1943, Auto Avio Costruzioni moves out of Modena to Maranello where the first part of what would later become the Ferrari factory is built. In Modena, the company had worked for the National Aeronautical Company of Rome, Piaggio and RIV, but in Maranello the focus is mostly on fabricating grinding machines which were copies of original German tooling machines.
1944: The factory is first bombed on November 4th 1944 and then hit again the following February but is quickly rebuilt.
1945: Ferrari begins work on designing the first Ferrari in late 1945. His ambitious plan is to power it with a V12 engine. In fact, this particular architecture would become a fixture throughout the company’s entire history. The reason Ferrari chosen a V12 was its versatility: it was just as suited to use on sports prototypes as single-seaters and even Grand Tourers.
1946: In December Ferrari releases specifications and drawings of his new car to the press.
1947: On March 12th, he takes the car, now known as the 125 S, out for its first test-drive on the open road.
1952: Having won its first Mille Miglia in 1948, its first Le Mans 24 Hour Race in 1949 and its first Formula 1 World Championship Grand Prix in 1951, Ferrari becomes world Champions for first time in 1952 thanks to Alberto Ascari who repeats his feat the following year.
1952: In 1952 Ferrari is made a Cavaliere del Lavoro in recognition of his services to industry and to enhancing Italy’s international reputation.
1956: Enzo’s beloved son, Alfredo, or Dino as he was better known, dies of muscular dystrophy. Ferrari had kept his son involved in the design of a new 1500 cc V6 until the very end of his life. The engine finally debuts 10 months after Dino’s death. However, it and all Ferrari V6 engines are named in his honour.
1960: Ferrari becomes a Limited Liability Company and Enzo is conferred with an Honorary Degree in Mechanical Engineering by Bologna University.
1962: Enzo Ferrari is presented with the Hammarskjöld Prize by the United Nations.
1963: sees Enzo Ferrari build the professional industry and artisanship training institute in Maranello. Dedicated to Alfredo “Dino” Ferrari, it continues to provide the company with special technicians to this day.
1965: Enzo Ferrari wins the Columbus Prize.
1969: Ferrari becomes aware that he requires a powerful partner if the company is to continue to develop and so signs an agreement with the Fiat Group giving it a 50% stake in the company shares.
1970: Enzo Ferrari is presented with the Gold Medal for Culture and Art by the President of Italy.
1971: Enzo Ferrari decides to build the Fiorano Circuit which will be officially opened on April 8th 1972.
1979: Ferrari receives the honorary title of Cavaliere di Gran Croce della Repubblica Italiana from Pertini.
1987: The F40, the last car to be created under Enzo Ferrari’s management, is unveiled.
1988: The University of Modena confers Ferrari with an Honorary Degree in Physics.
Enzo Ferrari passes away at the age of 90 on August 14th.