January 03, 2014

SCULPTOR RICHARD SERRA




SCULPTOR RICHARD SERRA




INSIDE OUT 2013
Weatherproof Steel
Dimensions: 401.3 × 2494.3 × 1225.6 cm
© Richard Serra. Photo by Lorenz Kienzle




PATH AND EDGES 6 - 2007
Etching
Dimensions: 70 x 100cm
© Galerie - Lelong Paris




BAND 2006
Weatherproof Steel
Dimensions: Overall: 3.9 x 11.1 x 21.9 cm, Plate: 5.1 cm
© Richard Serra 2006




INFINITY




SEQUENCE








SEQUENCE




SNAKE 1994 - 1997
Snake, a work made for the inauguration of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, consists of three enormous, serpentine ribbons of hot-rolled steel that are permanently installed in the museum's “Fish” gallery. Although it weighs around 180 tons, the colossal work is experienced through its negative spaces. The two tilted, snaking passages, capture a rare sense of motion and instability. Snake preceded Serra's Torqued Ellipses, the artist's most recent rumination on the physicality of space and the nature of sculpture. BothSnake and the Torqued Ellipses seem to defy gravity and logic, making solid metal appear as malleable as felt. Shifting in unexpected ways as viewers walk in and around them, these sculptures create surprising experiences of space and balance, and provoke a dizzying sensation of steel and space in motion.




SNAKE 1994 - 1997
Weathering Steel
3 Units, Each Comprised of 2 Conical Sections
Dimensions: Each Section: 4 x 15.85 m; Overall: 4 x 31.7 x 7.84 m;
Plate Thickness: 5 cm
© Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa, 2015




JUNCTION 2011
Weatherproof Steel
Dimensions: 397.5 × 2287.3 × 1518.8 cm
 



BETWEEN THE TORUS & THE SPHERE 2003 - 2005
Weathering Steel
4 Torus and 4 Spherical Sections
Dimensions: Each Section: 4.27 x 15.24 m; Overall: 4.27 x 15.24 x 16.44 m;
Plate Thickness: 5 cm
© Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa, 2015




BLIND SPOT REVERSED 2003 - 2005
Weathering Steel
3 Torus & 3 Spherical Sections
Dimensions: Overall: 4 x 17.2 x 9.04 m; Plate Thickness: 5 cm
© Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa, 2015




DOUBLE TORQUED ELLIPSE, 2003 - 2004
Weathering Steel
Dimensions: Outer Ellipse: 4.27 x 11.41 x 12.19 m;
Inner Ellipse: 4.27 x 6.2 x 9.75 m; Plate Thickness: 5 cm
© Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa, 2015




CALVINO 2009
Paintstick on Handmade Paper
Dimensions: 199.4 × 199.4 cm






OUT OF ROUND  X, 1999 - 2008
Novatone Print, on Heavy Tintoretto-Gesso Paper
Dimensions: 69.4 × 59.4 cm
Schellmann Art, Munich & New York






BORGES 2009
Paintstick on Handmade Paper
Dimensions: 199.4 × 199.4 cm






1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 - 1987
Hot - Rolled Steel, Eight Plates
Dimensions: Each: 184.8 x 400 x 5.1 cm, Collection of the Artist
© Richard Serra 2011, © FMGBGuggenheim Bilbao Museoa, 2011




VORTEX 2002
Cor-ten Steel
Dimensions: 67 feet 10 inches x 21 feet 9 inches x 20 feet 10 inches
Gift of the Burnett Foundation in Honor of Michael Auping
© 2002 Richard Serra










VORTEX 2002
Cor-ten Steel
Dimensions: 67 feet 10 inches x 21 feet 9 inches x 20 feet 10 inches
Gift of the Burnett Foundation in Honor of Michael Auping
© 2002 Richard Serra




BIGHT 1 - 2011
Etching
Dimensions: 68,5 x 56 cm
© Galerie - Lelong Paris




COURTAULD TRANSPARENCY 3 - 2013
Photograph: Robert McKeever - Richard Serra




DEALER’S CHOICE 1996
Etching
© Galerie - Lelong Paris










DOUBLE RIFT #6 - 2013
Paintstick on Handmade Paper
Dimensions: 214 × 611.5 × 9.5 cm
© Richard Serra. Courtesy the Artist and Gagosian Gallery
Photography by Rob McKeever






DOUBLE RIFT #8 - 2013
Paintstick on Handmade Paper
Dimensions: 214.3 × 612.8 × 9.5 cm
© Richard Serra. Courtesy the artist and Gagosian Gallery
Photography by Rob McKeever






DOUBLE RIFT #5 - 2012
Paintstick on Handmade Paper
Dimensions: 291.5 × 536.9 × 9.5 cm
© Richard Serra. Courtesy the Artist and Gagosian Gallery
Photography by Rob McKeever






DEADWEIGHT V ( MEMPHIS ) 1991
Paintstik on Two Sheets of Paper Mounted on Thin Fabric
Dimensions: Overall: 407.4 x 208 cm
Credit Line: Gift of Doris Lockhart
© 2015 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York




DEADWEIGHT V 1991






ELEVATIONAL WEIGHTS BLACK MATTER 2010






NO MANDATORY PATRIOTISM 1989
Paintstik on Two Sheets of Paper
Dimensions:236.5 x 510.9 cm
Credit Line: Partial and Promised Gift of UBS
© 2015 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York










PATH AND EDGES 12 - 2007
Etching
Dimensions: 59,8 x 74,3cm
© Galerie - Lelong Paris




PROMENADE NOTEBOOK IV - 2009
Etching
Dimensions: 40 x 30cm
© Galerie - Lelong Paris




PATH AND EDGES 11 - 2007
Etching
Dimensions: 59,7 x 75cm
© Galerie - Lelong Paris




BACKDOOR PIPELINE 2010
Weatherproof Steel
Dimensions: 380 × 1410 × 230 cm
Photo by Mike Bruce © Richard Serra, Courtesy Gagosian Gallery




INTERVALS 2013
Weatherproof Steel, 24 Plates
Dimensions: 182.9 × 853.4 × 1447.8 cm
© Richard Serra. Photography by Rob McKeever






INTERSECTION II, 1992 - 1993
Weatherproof Steel, Four Identical Conical Sections
Dimensions: Two: 13' 1 1/2" High x 51' 9" Along the Chord x 2 1/8" Thick,
Two: 13' 1 1/2" High x 50' 9" Along the Chord x 2 1/8" Thick,
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Gift of Jo Carole and Ronald S. Lauder,
© 2007 Richard Serra




THE MATTER OF TIME 2005
The Matter of Time enables the spectator to perceive the evolution of the artist's sculpted forms, from his relatively simple double ellipse to the more complex spiral. The final two works in this evolution are built from sections of toruses and spheres to create environments with differing effects on the viewer's movement and perception. Shifting in unexpected ways as viewers walk in and around them, these sculptures create a dizzying, unforgettable sensation of space in motion. The entirety of the room is part of the sculptural field: As with his other multipart sculptures, the artist purposefully organizes the works to move the viewer through them and their surrounding space. The layout of works in the gallery creates passages of space that are distinctly different—narrow and wide, compressed and elongated, modest and towering—and always unanticipated. There is also the progression of time. There is the chronological time it takes to walk through and view The Matter of Time, between the beginning and end of the visit. And there is the experiential time, the fragments of visual and physical memory that linger and recombine and replay.




TORQUED ELLIPSE 2003-2004
Weathering Steel
Dimensions: 4.27 x 8.31 x 8.84 m; Plate Thickness: 5 cm
Credit Line: Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa




TORQUED SPIRAL ( CLOSED OPEN CLOSED OPEN CLOSED ) 2003
Weathering Steel
Dimensions: 4 x 13.1 x 14.1 m; Plate Thickness: 5 cm
Credit Line: Guggenheim Bilbao Museoa
© 2012 Richard Serra/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York




TORQUED TORUS INVERSION 2006
Weatherproof Steel, Two Torqued Toruses
Dimensions: Each Overall: 12' 9" x 36' 1" x 58' 9", Plate: 2" Thick
Collection of the Artist, © 2007 Richard Serra, Collection of the Artist












JOE 2009








JOE 2009






CYCLE 2011
Weatherproof Steel
Dimensions: 1889.8 × 1706.9 × 426.7 cm
© Richard Serra. Courtesy Gagosian Gallery. Photo by Lorenz Kienzle








DOUBLE TORQEUD ELLIPSE II – 1998


















B
RICHARD SERRA 
Richard Serra was born in 1939 in San Francisco. While working in steel mills to support himself, Serra attended the University of California at Berkeley and Santa Barbara from 1957 to 1961, receiving a BA in English literature. He then studied as a painter at Yale University, New Haven, from 1961 to 1964, completing his BFA and MFA there. While at Yale, Serra worked with Josef Albers on his book The Interaction of Color (1963). During the early 1960s, he came into contact with Philip Guston, Robert Rauschenberg, Ad Reinhardt, and Frank Stella. In 1964 and 1965 Serra received a Yale Traveling Fellowship and traveled to Paris, where he frequently visited the reconstruction of Constantin Brancusi’s studio at the Musée National d’Art Moderne. He spent much of the following year in Florence on a Fulbright grant and traveled throughout southern Europe and northern Africa. The young artist was given his first solo exhibition at Galleria La Salita, Rome, in 1966. Later that year, he moved to New York where his circle of friends included Carl Andre, Walter De Maria, Eva Hesse, Sol LeWitt, and Robert Smithson.
In 1966 Serra made his first sculptures out of nontraditional materials such as fiberglass and rubber. From 1968 to 1970 he executed a series of Splashpieces, in which molten lead was splashed or cast into the junctures between floor and wall. Serra had his first solo exhibition in the United States at the Leo Castelli Warehouse, New York. By 1969 he had begun the Prop pieces, whose parts are not welded together or otherwise attached but are balanced solely by forces of weight and gravity. That year, Serra was included in Nine Young Artists: Theodoron Awards at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. He produced the first of his numerous short films in 1968 and in the early 1970s experimented with video. The Pasadena Art Museum organized a solo exhibition of Serra’s work in 1970, and in the same year he received a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation fellowship. That year, he helped Smithson execute Spiral Jetty at the Great Salt Lake in Utah; Serra, however, was less intrigued by the vast American landscape than by urban sites, and in 1970 he installed a piece on a dead-end street in the Bronx. He received the Skowhegan Medal for Sculpture in 1975 and traveled to Spain to study Mozarabic architecture in 1982.
Serra was honored with solo exhibitions at the Kunsthalle Tübingen, Germany, in 1978; the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, in 1984; the Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld, Germany, in 1985; and the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1986. The 1990s saw further honors for Serra’s work: a retrospective of his drawings at the Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht; the Wilhelm Lehmbruck prize for sculpture in Duisburg in 1991; and the following year, a retrospective at Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid. In 1993 Serra was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1994 he was awarded the Praemium Imperiale by the Japan Art Association and an Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree from the California College of the Arts, Oakland. Serra has continued to exhibit in both group and solo shows in such venues as Leo Castelli Gallery and Gagosian Gallery, New York. He continues to produce large-scale steel structures for sites throughout the world, and has become particularly renowned for his monumental arcs, spirals, and ellipses, which engage the viewer in an altered experience of space. From 1997 to 1998 his Torqued Ellipses (1997) were exhibited at and acquired by the Dia Center for the Arts, New York. In 2005 eight major works by Serra were installed permanently at Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, and in 2007 the Museum of Modern Art in New York mounted a major retrospective of his work. Serra lives outside New York City and in Nova Scotia.